我国6省市5类城市职业人群自测健康状况及影响因素研究
文章来源:《中国健康教育》编辑部 发布时间:2014-1-12 11:17:01 浏览次数:1939
作者:聂雪琼  李英华  马昱  杨宠  叶健莉  庞静  陶茂萱  杨学来   
单位:中国健康教育中心(卫生部新闻宣传中心)  中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心  中日友好医院  
关键词:城市  职业人群  自测健康  影响因素  
分类号:R195
出版年,卷(期):页码:2009,25(6):403-406
摘要:

目的了解我国城市职业人群健康状况及影响因素,为制定相关措施提供科学依据。方法采用多阶段分层抽样方法,在全国东部、中部和西部地区抽取6个省(自治区、直辖市),每省市随机抽取2个地级市,每个地级市中按照公务员、科技人员、企事业管理人员、教师、体力劳动者5类职业人群抽取若干单位,对18~60岁5类职业人群进行问卷调查,采用许军等编制的自测健康评定量表对调查对象健康状况进行评估。结果共收回有效问卷13 177份。调查对象自测健康评定量表总分为73.34±11.86分,生理健康、心理健康、社会健康子量表得分分别为77.61±11.56分、68.64±16.36分和73.17±14.91分。5类职业中,公务员量表总分最高,为74.83±11.89分,其他依次为科技人员73.84±11.39分,企事业管理人员73.58±12.09分,体力劳动者72.78±12.24分,教师得分最低,为71.65±11.44分。6个地区中,北京地区调查对象量表总分最高,为75.47±11.46分,宁夏地区调查对象最低,为69.29±11.99分。男性社会健康得分为72.77±15.25分,女性为73.56±14.54分,女性得分高于男性(P<0.05)。多元线性回归显示,教师、离异者量表总分较低,受教育程度越高、家庭人均月收入越高,量表总分越高。结论我国城市职业人群中,教师的自测健康状况较差。自测健康状况与性别、受教育程度、婚姻状况、家庭经济水平等有关。

Objective To understand the status of self-rated health among 5 kinds of urban occupational populations in 6 provinces in China,to explore the factors associated with self-rated health,and to provide the scientific basis for developing related measures.Methods With multi-stage stratified sampling,6 provinces,autonomous regions,and municipality directly under the Central Government were selected from east,central and west regions in China,and 2 prefecture-level cities were selected from each province.In sample cities,5 types of occupational populations,including civil servants,scientific and technical personnel,administrative staff,teachers and physical workers,aged 18-60 were assessed by Self-rated Health Measurement Scale Version 1.0(SRHMS V1.0).Results 13 177 valid questionnaires were obtained.The SRHMS score of the respondents was 73.34±11.86.The scores of physical health,mental health,social health sub-scales and total scale were 77.61±11.56,68.64±16.36 and 73.17±14.91 respectively.In 5 occupational groups,civil servants had the highest total score,which was 74.83±11.89,followed by scientific and technical personnel 73.84±11.39,administrative staff 73.58±12.09,physical workers 72.78±12.24 and teachers 71.65±11.44.In 6 sample regions,the respondents in Beijing had the highest total score 75.47±11.46,and the respondents in Ningxia had the lowest score 69.29±11.99.The social health scores were 72.77±15.25 in male and 73.56±14.54 in female,with significant difference(P<0.05).The results of multiple linear regression showed that teachers and divorcee had lower total score,and the respondents with higher education level or higher per-capita monthly income had higher total score.Conclusion Teachers reported poorer self-rated health than other occupational populations in China.The self-rated health status was associated with gender,education level,marital status and family income.

基金项目:
国家高科技研究发展计划(863计划)课题(2006AA02Z435)
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