农民工艾滋病健康教育材料需求分析
文章来源:本站原创 发布时间:2014-1-12 11:14:53 浏览次数:1944
作者:白玥  李雨波  靳雪征  江虹  李英华  王新伦  
单位:中国健康教育中心(卫生部新闻宣传中心)  
关键词:农民工  艾滋病  健康教育  材料  需求  
分类号:R193
出版年,卷(期):页码:2009,25(6):452-454
摘要:

目的了解农民工预防艾滋病健康教育材料的实际需求,为开发材料与开展健康教育活动提供参考。方法以整群随机抽样方法在重庆、深圳、辽宁抽取农民工243人,进行问卷调查。结果被调查农民工平均年龄30.10岁,60.91%已婚,住集体宿舍的占57.61%;33.33%能完全答对艾滋病的传播与非传播途径;平时的休闲方式居于前三位的依次是:看电视(68.72%)、睡觉(55.14%)、看书报和杂志(49.79%);77.78%表示关注艾滋病知识,90.53%的工人认为外出务工了解并掌握艾滋病相关知识与技能是必要的;他们最欢迎的艾滋病健康教育材料是影视材料VCD/DVD光盘(62.69%),其次是科普知识读本(55.14%),第三是海报/知识挂图/宣传画(21.81%)。结论对农民工开展艾滋病健康教育十分必要,艾滋病健康教育材料应针对农民工的休闲方式与喜好进行开发

Objective To know about the real needs of migrant workers on health educational materials about AIDS prevention,and offer reference for the health educational materials development and health education activity design.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 243 migrant workers selected by cluster random sampling from Chongqing City,Shenzhen City and Liaoning Province.Results The average age of migrant workers was 30.10,60.91% of them had been married,and 57.61% of them lived in dormitory.Only 33.33% of migrant workers could answer all of the knowledge about AIDS correctly.The main patterns of entertaining were watching TV(68.72%),sleeping(55.14%) and reading newspaper or magazine(49.79%).Most of the migrants workers were concern on HIV/AIDS(77.78%).90.53% of them regarded that it was necessary to grasp knowledge and method on HIV/AIDS prevention.The most popular health educational materials were video VCD/DVD(62.69%),handbook(55.14%) and posters(21.81%).Conclusion To design and develop health educational materials on HIV/AIDS prevention for migrant workers should be based on the entertaining pattern and the interests of migrant workers.

基金项目:
2007年SIDA项目(01.01.04.AW.06)
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