辽宁省采掘业农民工艾滋病防治知识与行为现状及影响因素分析
文章来源:《中国健康教育》编辑部 发布时间:2014-1-11 18:46:29 浏览次数:1016
作者:常慧  刘懿卿  田丹  任旭   
单位:辽宁省健康教育中心  
关键词:采掘业农民工  艾滋病  知识  行为  因素分析  
分类号:R193
出版年,卷(期):页码:2011,27(11):850-852

摘要:

目的了解采掘业农民工艾滋病防治知识与行为现状,探讨其影响因素,为辽宁省制定艾滋病防治健康教育策略提供依据。方法采取多阶段整群随机抽样方法,抽取辽宁省625名采掘业农民工进行问卷调查,通过χ2检验、Logistic回归分析其影响因素。结果艾滋病防治知识得分为7.2±2.4分,总知晓率为72.4%;知识得分受性别(OR=3.382)、民族(OR=2.692)、婚姻(OR=2.158)、文化程度(初中:OR=2.285,高中及以上:OR=2.015)等因素影响。33.5%调查对象发生性行为时从来不使用安全套;11.9%的调查对象与多人发生过性行为,其中从来不使用安全套的占18.5%。文化程度(初中:OR=1.929,高中及以上:OR=3.179)是影响安全套使用率的主要因素。结论艾滋病防治知识知晓率较低,距《中国遏制与防治艾滋病行动计划》的要求有一定差距;安全套使用率低。

Objective To investigate the status of knowledge,behavior about AIDS among the migrant miners in Liaoning Province,explore influencing factors,and provide evidence for propagation strategies of AIDS prevention.Methods 625 of migrant miners were surveyed by multistage,cluster,random sampling,χ2 test and logistic regression were used to explore their influencing factors.Results The average score of AIDS knowledge among migrant workers was 7.2±2.4 and the total rate of awareness was 72.4%.The main factor affecting miners AIDS related knowledge level were gender(OR=3.382),nationality(OR=2.692),marital status(OR=2.158) and education level(middle school: OR=2.285,senior school and upper: OR=2.015).33.5% of migrant miners never used condoms when had sexual intercourse.11.9% of migrant miners had sex behavior with multitude partners and 18.5% of them without using condom.Education(middle school: OR=1.929,senior school and upper: OR=3.179) was the most main influencing factor for condom use.Conclusion There was a lower rate of awareness of AIDS prevention less than "China prevention AIDS action" requirement.The percentage of condom use was low.

基金项目:
2007年辽宁省农村公共卫生服务体系
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